Well, hello again everyone!
You know, nothing is as easy to change the look of a space or room than 30 dollars and a free afternoon. Okay and a little skill perhaps. I have always said simply taking the time to paint a room or accent wall with a fresh coat of paint (in a wonderful color, of course) is the easiest and quickest way to make that change and breathe new life into an interior!
It’s not really that big of a deal and you will be glad you did it. Nothing makes a space feel clean and fresh like a new coat of paint. Okay, so do you struggle with selecting a paint color and type?
Hmmm… What to do… I know! Try ….whldesign.com!
I hear they have an awesome “virtual designer” site that can take the sting out of these selections.
But here are a couple of tips anyway.
First off, know the surfaces that you are painting and the conditions that they are in and do the necessary preparation work required to receive the paint. If you are not sure, you can use the “Ask the Designer” feature at whldesign.com that is totally free! Never turn down a good free opportunity!
Next, make some paint selections and if the store has small samples, get them! The colors will look SO different in your house based on your lighting type and how much daylight you get.
Everything will look different in the evening too! So paint a small area and look at it for at least 24 hours in the morning, mid-day, and evening - with lights and television on too!
The only time this is not necessary is if you have had warehouse lighting purposely installed in your house. You know, like Lowes?
If this is the case, forget the paint! You have bigger issues to deal with!
Some paints require primers or first coats to make sure that the color reads correctly. This is mostly true of deeper saturated colors. It is also true when you are painting a darker wall lighter or a lighter wall darker!
Well Here Is Your Cheat Sheet!
PRIMERS / SEALERS:
These coatings are designed to provide a surface for the finish coats of paint or clear finishes.
Primers seal the surface off and provide a "tooth" for the finish paint; they are used on bare wood and metal, previously painted surfaces that have been repaired or are in poor condition (flaking or peeling), or if the existing surface is to be painted with a new color that is much darker or lighter than the existing color. Primers/Sealers are also used to block out stains like water stains, crayon, smoke, soot, ink, and on woods that will bleed through a paint coating, i.e. cedar or redwood.
Primers/Sealers insure a longer lasting paint finish, as the resins in the finish paints stay on the surface, creating the "wear layer" as they are designed to do. Peeling and premature failure is eliminated and this is by far the most important part in getting a long lasting, durable finish.
There are two types of paints used today, latex and alkyd. Alkyd paint is also known as oil-based paint. Latex provides an excellent finish, while being an easier paint to use. Latex paint cleans up with soap and water, dries quickly, has less odor, is non-flammable, easy to touchup, and remains more flexible and allows moisture to evaporate through the film, thus reducing blistering, cracking and peeling.
Inexpensive latex paints use softer vinyl resins (binders) and more water in the formulation, while the more durable of the latex paints use 100% acrylic resins and less water (you only get what you pay for). The term "Enamel" is normally associated with paints that have some gloss to the finish. Enamels are formulated with higher concentrations of resin, as they are intended to be subjected to more wear and tear.
LEVELS OF GLOSS:
The sheen of paint is the amount of light reflected by the surface of the paint finish. There are four basic sheens: flat, satin, semi-gloss and gloss.
These paints exhibit non-reflective properties, providing a matte finish. This finish helps hide surface imperfections, and is normally used for ceilings, and walls in areas not subjected to a lot of wear and tear, like dining rooms, living rooms and bedrooms not used by small children.
Also know as eggshell finish, satin paints provide a soft luster sheen similar to that of an eggshell. A satin finish provides a harder surface finish, which is more durable and more stain resistant than a flat finish. This durability makes satin finish paint a good choice for walls in children's rooms, hallways, stairways and family rooms.
These paints are very durable; they are easier to clean and are more stain resistant than satin finish paints. Semi-gloss paints are most often used on heavy wear surfaces or in areas that are frequently cleaned, such as kitchens and bathrooms. Semi-gloss paint is also used on wood trim and cabinets.
This is a harder, more durable, more stain resistant paint finish. It is easier to clean than all the other paint finishes. Gloss finishes generally make surface imperfections more noticeable. Gloss finishes are the best choice for heavy wear areas like kitchens, bathrooms, furniture and cabinets, floors, stairs, handrails, high traffic doors and trims.
Which type of paint should you use?
Two properties you need to consider: how much wear and tear will the surface get and is a sheen or gloss to the finish going to conflict with your decorating scheme. If you are painting a storage room or other area which will be subjected to hard use and frequent washings, go with the highest gloss, as these paints are designed for just that. If the "feel" of the room is important, such as a living room or bedroom, choose the lower gloss finishes for a calm, soothing feeling.
Okay these might be a little “Sciency”, but they are easier on the environment!
Types of Non-Toxic Paints and Finishes:
The term "non-toxic" is used here in its broadest sense. With paints and finishes, it's more a matter of degree. Even Zero VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) formulations contain some small amounts of toxins. There are three general categories of non-toxic (or low-toxic) paints: Natural Paints, Zero VOC, and Low VOC.
Natural Paints and Finishes:
These are paints made from natural raw ingredients such as water, plant oils and resins, plant dyes and essential oils; natural minerals such as clay, chalk and talcum; milk casein, natural latex, bees' wax, earth and mineral dyes. Water-based natural paints give off almost no smell. The oil-based natural paints usually have a pleasant fragrance of citrus or essential oils. Allergies and sensitivities to these paint types are uncommon. These paints are the safest for your health and for the environment.
Any paint with VOCs in the range of 5 grams per liter or less can be called "Zero VOC", according to the EPA Reference Test Method 24. Some manufacturers may claim "Zero VOCs", but these paints may still use colorants, biocides and fungicides with some VOCs. Adding a color tint usually brings the VOC level up to 10 grams per liter, which is still quite low.
Low VOC paints, stains and varnishes use water as a carrier instead of petroleum-based solvents. As such, the levels of harmful emissions are lower than solvent-borne surface coatings. These certified coatings also contain no, or very low levels, of heavy metals and formaldehyde. The amount of VOCs varies among different "low-VOC" products, and is listed on the paint can or MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets). Paints and stains, to meet EPA standards, must not contain VOCs in excess of 200 grams per liter. Varnishes must not contain VOCs in excess of 300 grams per liter. As a general rule, low VOC paints marketed by reputable paint manufacturers usually meet the 50 grams per liter VOC threshold. Paints with the Green SealStandard (GS-11) mark are certified lower than 50 grams per liter (for flat sheen) or 150 grams per liter (for non-flat sheen). Low VOC paints will still emit an odor until dry. If you are particularly sensitive, make sure the paint you buy contains fewer than 25 grams per liter of VOCs.
And Start Painting!
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WHL Design Group is an Interior Design firm in Las Vegas, NV